Why Do Spicy Foods Light Your Mouth on Fire?

03/13/2014 at 02:46 PM ET

Spicy Food

How come horseradish makes your nose burn? What’s the reason your mouth feels like it’s on fire when you eat Sriracha sauce?

You don’t need a science degree to understand the answers. A fascinating (and fun!) new animated video, “The Science of Spiciness,” by TedEd explains why our bodies react so extremely when we chew on hot, tongue-tingling foods.

If you’ve ever eaten something and started sweating or your heart started beating rapidly, it’s because your brain is reacting as if your body is actually on fire! Turns out that horseradish is made of small molecules that easily float up to your sinuses, burning your nose; chili peppers are made up of larger molecules that mostly stay in — and flame up — your mouth.

According to the video, there’s a theory going around that people who regularly eat hot fare enjoy the ensuing thrill — the same kind they get from riding a rollercoaster — even if the immediate sensation is hard to digest. These folks also are more likely to seek out other activities that give them an adrenaline rush, like gambling.

Watch the short video here. Then next time you bite down on a spicy jalapeño, you’ll understand why your mouth feels like a four-alarm blaze.

—Nancy Mattia

FILED UNDER: Food , Health

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leslie on

do we really have to ask such stupid questions? we have honestly been reduced to this idiocy? Can’t we ask something like, how can we get these wonderful veggies and fruits to people who can’t afford or reach them??? Or, why do only idiots read People these days? Your writers are off the pulse. You seem to have redirected your audience from “regular” People to “moronic” People. Done with this mag after 25 years, the stupidity you actually think intelligent people read is astounding.
The end.

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Although I usually opt to make pizza dough following Marcy Goldman’s recipe from ‘A Passion for Baking’,I can’t wait to try this new recipe in the near future. I also make large batches and freeze the extras so I can have pizza the next day without much fuss. Thanks so much for the detailed tutorial!! I’m sure everyone including myself will greatly appreciate the obvious effort you’ve put into making it!
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You’ll probably miss the viewfinder and the built in flash.
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hermes collier 1:1 homme on

yes you could make wraps with the pizza too! Bake some veggies (lots of peppers and onions) this way and Cook the chickpeas tossed in the berbere spices with some sauteed onion and garlic for 5 to 7 minutes in a pan. Serve both options with the tahini dressing. The tahini dressing will work with both. The fajita tacos are also really good as a filling for wraps. the chili lime dressing is great with beans, chickpeas, veggies.
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